The role of attitudes in developing work happiness (Williams, Kern & Waters, 2017)
This intervention study examines the iterative reprocessing of explicit and implicit attitudes as the process underlying associations between positive employee attitudes (PsyCap), perception of positive organization culture (organizational virtuousness, OV), and work happiness.
Using a quasi-experimental design, a group of school staff (N=69) completed surveys at three time points. After the first assessment, the treatment group (n=51) completed a positive psychology training intervention. Results suggest that employee PsyCap, OV, and work happiness are associated with one another through both implicit and explicit attitudes. Further, the Iterative Reprocessing Model of attitudes (IRM) provides some insights into the processes underlying these associations.
In applying attitude theory to wellbeing research, this study provides insights to mechanisms underlying workplace wellbeing that have not been previously examined and in doing so responds to calls for researchers to learn more about the mechanisms underlying wellbeing interventions.
Practically, this research calls attention to the importance of developing both the positive attitudes of employees and organization culture in developing employee work happiness.